A recent study has shown that a football-shaped carbon fullerene molecule called buckminsterfullerene can increase the lifespan of rats to twice the standard rate. Of course, just like all other medical and research studies, this one has raised doubts as well. But before we dive into the subject of carbon 60 rat study, let’s first understand what exactly Buckminsterfullerene AKA carbon 60 is.
What Is Carbon 60?
Carbon 60 is a type of fullerene named after the American designer and architect, Buckminster Fuller. The carbon allotrope got its name because its structure resembled the geodesic dome structures architectured by Buckminster. It consists of 60 atoms. In April 2019, scientists of the Hubble Space Telescope discovered the presence of these buckyballs in the interstellar space between stars. Today, C60 has become the most common naturally occurring fullerene and is found in small amounts in substances like soot.
Breaking Down The Process Of C60 Rat Study
A team of researchers led by Professor Fathi Moussa from the University of South Paris, France, repeatedly injected rats with a buckminsterfullerene solution mixed with olive oil. The rats were ten months old. These rats were dosed every day for an entire week; then, they were dosed every week until the second month ended. They were then dosed every month until seven months ended. And finally, the dosage was stopped.
Details Of The Study On The Rats
There were mainly three groups of rats:
- The first group was fed water.
- The second group was fed olive oil.
- The third group was fed a mixture of olive oil and carbon 60.
To the scientists’ surprise, the element of carbon 60 in the diet of the third group of rats did not harm the rats in any way by causing illnesses, diseases, or early death. Instead, the third group of rats lived much longer compared to the other two groups.
Results Of The C60 Study On Longevity Of Rat’s Life
The study on the three groups of rats had the following results:
- The life expectancy of the first group of rats who were fed water was similar to that of a 2.5 to 3-year-old rat.
- The second group of rats, which was fed olive oil, lived 18% longer compared to the first group of rats.
- The third group of rats, which was fed a mixture of olive oil and carbon 60, lived 90% longer compared to the first two groups of rats.
Several rats of the third group lived up to 4.5 years. There are accounts from the research that explain how some rats lived up to 6 years and had to finally be put down so the study could eventually be published.
Is C60 Fullerene The First Drug To Increase Life Expectancy In Beings?
Buckminsterfullerene is not the first drug with the mentioned effects. Before Moussa’s study, research has shown that the restriction of calories can increase the lives of beings like nematodes of up to forty percent. Rapamycin, a drug that prevents organ rejection, has proven to help mice live ten percent longer. The drug resveratrol, which is present in red wine and in tiny amounts in fruits and vegetables, contributes to prolonged life.
How Did Carbon 60 Increase Life Expectancy?
Researchers discovered that the reason the third group of rats lived that long was because it reduced oxidative stress in the rats. This helped in reducing the chemical wear and tear in the cells of the rats. The carbon 60 did so by finishing off the toxic waste in the cells known as free radicals. Once the poisonous waste that contributed to severely damaging the cells of the rats’ body was eradicated, the rats lived a longer life.
The Effect Of Carbon 60 On Rats’ Livers
The team of researchers conducted the experiment on a particular group of rats that were poisoned with carbon tetrachloride. They examined the livers of these rats a day later and found the following results:
- The first group of rats that were fed water had extremely pale and inflamed livers.
- The second group of rats that were fed olive oil had comparatively better livers compared to the first group.
- The third group of rats that were fed carbon 60 and olive oil grew almost entirely healthy, with only negligible traces of damage here and there.
So What Is The Final Verdict On Carbon 60?
The team of researchers concluded that carbon 60 provided the results mentioned above because it is well endowed with double bonds that absorb radicals. Its double bonds are the reason that each molecule could absorb dozens of free radical toxins. Researchers also realized that there were no traces of any reaction found between carbon 60 and carbon tetrachloride.
But examining the results of the study brought many doubts into the minds of researchers and scientists across the globe. By examining two images of the rats’ livers in different conditions, it was found that it was the same image, just less magnified from its other version.
In one part of the study’s text, it is suggested that the rats that were fed carbon 60 lived to an average number of 42 months. But one diagram contradicts this text by showing that all the rats were alive at this stage and began dying at about 62 months.
Furthermore, scientists who’ve been studying the longevity in the lifespan of animals pointed out how the study’s effects were found in just six animals. To provide valid conclusions on such studies, it is recommended to conduct the study in ten times more animals. This would create data that would be statistically more significant. These scientists also noted that the rats that were being fed olive oil also experienced a longer lifespan compared to the life of the rats being fed water. This suggested that improved longevity may not be just because of carbon 60.
Hence, scientists and researchers have mixed feelings regarding the carbon 60 rat study. Some scientists have concluded that the study has very low credibility and several inconsistencies, as the study may not have been conducted by longevity researchers. At the same time, some scientists believe that carbon 60 may be a miracle drug with a significant breakthrough in the extension of lifespan.